Earl of Radnor Coat of Arms
Monument to Harriet Pleydell in Coleshill
2nd Earl of Radnor
3rd Earl of Radnor - 1802/05
5th Earl of Radnor
(1841 - 1900)
Helen Matilda Pleydell-Bouverie (1846
8th Earl of Radnor
Longford Castle left
9th Earl of Radnor
The Hon Peter Pleydell-Bouverie
Longford Castle located south
of Salisbury, Wiltshire
The Earl of Radnor
Earl of Radnor is a title which has been created several
times, first in the Peerage of England in 1679 for Lord
Robartes, a notable political figure of the reign of Charles
II, and then in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1765. The earldom
was created for a second time in the Peerage of Great Britain
in 1765 when William de Bouverie, 2nd Viscount Folkestone,
was made Earl of Radnor.
Lyneham Village Online has traced
the Pleydell family tree and
witness that the Pleydell-Bouverie
family name has long
with the Earl of Radnor title, which is linked to Lyneham
Court. It was on the 14th January 1748 that William
de Bouverie married Harriet Pleyedell and the double-barrel
neme of Pleydell-Bouverie started. William's parents
Sir Jacob des Bouverie, born on the 14th October 1694 was
1st Viscount of Folkstone, he married on the 31st January
1723 to Mary Clarke.
1st Earl of Radnor, William de Bouverie was born
26th February 1725 and died 28 January 1776. Elected for
the city of New Sarum, 1747; for which city he was also returned
to the ensuing Parliament. After his accession to the Peerage,
he was unanimously chosen Recorder of New Sarum, in the room
of his father, and sworn into that office on August 12th,
On the 18th January
1747, he married to his first wife, Harriet only child of
Sir Mark Stuart Pleydell, of Coleshill, in Berkshire, Baronet,
by his wife, Mary, daughter and sole heir of Robert Stuart,
son of John Stuart, of Ascog, in the Isle of Bute, Esqrs.
descended from Sir John Stuart, Knt. hereditary Sheriff and
Steward of that island (being so created by his father, Robert
II. King of Scotland), and ancestor to the present Marquis
of Bute. By this Lady, who died on 29th May 1750, and was
buried in the family vault at Bridford. To her memory, an
elegant honorary monument, or cenotaph is erected, in the
parish church of Coleshill in Berkshire.
His Lordship married,
secondly, on 5th September 1751, Rebecca, daughter of John
Alleyne, of Barbadoes, Esq. and sister of Sir John Gay Alleyne,
Bart, by Mary, only child, by the first marriage, of William
Tirrill, Esq. (which Mary, and Lady Pleydell, mother of
his Lordship's first Lady, were cousin-germans, their mothers
being sisters and co-heiresses). The said Rebecca, Viscountess
Folkestone, who was a Lady uniformly good in all the offices
of life, and in all the relations of it perfectly amiable,
departed this life on 4th May 1764, and was buried at Britford.
His Lordship had issue, by her, four sons, viz.
1. The Hon. William-Henry
Bouverie, who was born on 30th October 1752, and married,
14th August 1777, to Lady Bridget Douglas, daughter of
James Earl of Morton, by whom he had, 1. William John, born
23rd November 1778, died 1st March 1791. 2. Elizabeth,
born 1st October 1780. 3. Charles Henry, in the army. 4. Maria,
born 1st March 1786. 5. Emma. He formerly represented New-Sarum,
and Downton in parliament, and died 23rd August 1806.
2. The Hon. Bartholomew
Bouverie, born 29th October 1753, and married, 9th March
1779, Mary Wyndham, daughter of James Everard Arundel, and
sister to the present Lord Arundel, of Wardour, by whom he
has had, 1. Anna Maria, born 9th December 1779; died 17th
April 1790. 2. Henry James, born 17th April 1781. 3. Edward.
4. Charlotte. S.Harriet. 6. Wyndham. He was formerly M. P.
for Downton; and is one of the Commissioners for auditing
the Public Accounts.
3. Hon. Young Bouverie,
born 16th April 1759, died an infant.
4. The Hon.
Edward Bouverie, born September 20th, 1760, married, first,
May 24th, 1782, Lady Catharina Murray, daughter of the present
Earl of Dunmore ; and by her, who died 7th July 1783, had
issue George Edward, born 11th February 1783, and died in
July 1784. He married, secondly, 20th December 1785, Miss
Ogle, second daughter of Admiral Sir Chaloner Ogle; and
by her has George Augustus, born 1786.
Also two daughters;
Mary-Harriot, and Harriot-Mary, who were born twins, on 20th
June 1755, and died infants, besides several other children,
His Lordship wedded,
thirdly, on 22nd July 1765, Anne, relict of Anthony Duncombe,
Lord Feversham, Baron of Downton, in the county of Wilts,
and daughter of Sir Thomas Hales, of Hawlets, in Beakesbourne,
in Kent, Bart. by whom he had issue two daughters; Mary-Elizabeth,
and Caroline, who both died young. His Lordship departed
this life, 28th January 1776, and was succeeded by his
2nd Earl of Radnor;
Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie born 4th March
1750 died 27 January 1828 married 24 January 1777 to Hon
Anne Duncombe, daughter of Lord Feversham. Viscount
Folkestone, who died 14 October 1829. To find out more about
the 2nd Earl of Radnor, his obituary click here
3rd Earl of Radnor,
William Pleydell-Bouverie (11th May
1779 - 9th April 1869) was born at 4 Grafton Street, Marylebone,
Middlesex, the eldest son of Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, as
he was styled until his father's death, witnessed the early
stages of the French Revolution when sent to Paris as a boy
to learn French. He was tutored at home and went for two
years to the University of Edinburgh before commencing his
studies at Brasenose College, Oxford, in 1795. His education
culminated in a grand tour of the northern capitals of
Europe from 1797 to 1799.
On 2 October 1800 he married Catherine (1776–1804),
daughter of Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, earl of Lincoln.
She died giving birth to a daughter in 1804. Folkestone's
father arranged for his return to the House of Commons for
the family borough of Downton in March 1801, followed quickly
by translation to the more prestigious Bouverie seat at Salisbury,
which he held from 1802 to 1828. The young viscount precociously
broke with convention by making his maiden speech within
a week of entering the chamber and established himself as
a gadfly of government.
Although Folkestone aligned himself with the moderate William
Windham during his first years in parliament, he quickly
moved on to less conventional associations with Sir Francis
Burdett and Samuel Whitbread. A pattern early emerged in
his Commons career of impetuous and sometimes spiteful attacks
on individuals such as lords Melville, Wellesley, Chatham,
and members of the royal family.
Folkestone rose to national
prominence in 1809 as a principal prosecutor of the Duke
of York during a scandal involving the latter's mistress,
Mary Anne Clarke, and the sale of military commissions, which
led to the prince's resignation as commander-in-chief and
Unfortunately, Folkestone's own subsequent dalliance with
Mrs Clarke became public knowledge and undermined his credibility
and stature. He recovered some popularity with a spirited
attack on the government's repressive legislation in the
post-Waterloo years, when he personified his dictum: ‘If
a nobleman cannot perform his obligation, which is to protect
the liberties of all the people, then he has no reason to
take part in politics’.
On 24 May 1814 he
married his second wife, Anne Judith (2nd May 1790 –27
April 1851), daughter of Sir Henry St John-Mildmay, third
baronet. They had four daughters and two sons, including
the politician Edward Pleydell-Bouverie.
Folkestone succeeded his father as third earl of Radnor in
January 1828, and in the House of Lords he supported parliamentary
reform, the new poor law, the abolition of slavery, and repeal
of the corn laws. He took the lead in the movement to accord
full rights to non-Anglicans at Oxford and Cambridge, bringing
in bills to abolish subscription to the Thirty-Nine Articles
(1835) and to revise college statutes (1837). He retired
from politics in 1848, occupying himself with agricultural
experimentation and philanthropy. Radnor died at his seat,
Coleshill House, Berkshire, on 9th April 1869, and was buried
at Britford, Wiltshire, on 15th April 1869.
4th Earl of Radnor,
Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie was born on the
18th September 1815 died 11th March 1889. He married Mary
Augusta Frederica Grimston on the 3rd October 1840.
Earl of Radnor, William Pleydell-Bouverie was born on the 19th June 1841 died 3rd June 1900, he married
Chaplin on the 19th June 1866, she died 11th September 1929.
Earl of Radnor, Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie who was born
8th July 1868 and died 26th June 1930. During
his life he married the daughter of Charles Balfour,
Julian Eleanor Adelaide Balfour, mother of Peter,
who was born before 1876 and died on the 5th January
had quite a large family namely: Lady Jane Pleydell-Bouverie
was born 23rd March 1892; Lady Katherine Pleydell-Bouverie
was born 16th May 1894 and died
12th November 1961; Third child Sir William Pleydell-Bouverie
was born 18th December 1895 and took the title of 7th Earl
of Radnor; Lady Elizabeth Pleydell-Bouverie was born 27
June 1897; Captain Hon Edward
was born 10th September 1899 and died 7th May 1951;
Major Hon. Bartholemew Pleydell-Bouverie was born on the
April 1902; Lady Margaret Pleydell-Bouverie was born
26 June 1903 and died 17 September 2002; Hon Anthony
Pleydell-Bouverie was born 26th March 1905 and died
25 June 1961; Lady Helen Pleydell-Bouverie
was born 2nd January 1908 and finally Hon Peter Pleydell-Bouverie
was born 19th October 1909.
Lady Margaret Pleydell-Bouverie was born in 1903, the seventh
child of ten. Aged 19, she married Gerald Barry and, in
1926, they left England with their one-year old daughter,
Anne, to begin
a new life in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). They started
out with virtually nothing: a tent was their house, a tin
shanty their kitchen and petrol boxes their furniture. Through
sheer determination, commitment to their dreams and belief
in one another, they built M’Coben, a magical home for their growing family.
They survived fire, storms, illness and heartbreak, before
the Second World War separated them for over four years,
yet their love and courage stood firm and brought success
against all the odds
7th Earl of Radnor,
William Pleydell-Bouverie was born 18th December 1895
and died 1968, he had the title
of the 7th Earl of Radnor. He
married firstly Helena Olivia Adeane on 11th October
1922. Their third child born on the 10th November 1927
after Sir William's father Jacob and was given the
title of the 8th Earl of Radnor. Sir William Pleydell-Bouverie
was invested as the 924th Knight, Order of the Garter on
the 23rd April 1960.
8th Earl of Radnor,
Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie (10 November 1927 – 10
August 2008) was a British nobleman. He was
the son of William
Pleydell-Bouverie and Helena Olivia Adeane. He married, firstly,
Anne Garden Farquaharson Seth-Smith, daughter of Donald Farquaharson
Seth-Smith, on 8
July 1953 and
they were divorced in 1962. He and Anne had two sons:
Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 5
January 1955) and Hon. Peter
John Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 14
January 1958) who married in June 1986, Hon. Jane
Victoria Gilmour. She was born on 22 March 1959 and is
the daughter of Ian Hedworth John Little Gilmour, Baron
Gilmour of Craigmillar and Lady
Caroline Margaret Montagu Douglas Scott. Hon Peter Pleydell-Bouverie
held the title of High Sheriff
The 8th Earl of Radnor, Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie married,
secondly, Margaret Robin Fleming, daughter of Robin Fleming,
in 1963 and they were divorced in 1985. They had four daughters;
Lady Martha Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 1964);
Lady Lucy Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 1964);
Lady Belinda Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 1966) whose husband
died recently; and
Lady Frances Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 1973).
He married, thirdly, Mary Jillean Gwenellan Eddy, daughter
of William Edward Montogue Eddy, in 1986. He died at Longford
Castle in 2008
The 8th Earl of Radnor, Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, who died on 10th August 2008 aged 80,
was the owner of Longford Castle in Wiltshire; he preserved
and enhanced his inheritance, and was a knowledgeable custodian
of an exceptional collection of Old Master paintings.
His family - the Bouveries - were Huguenots in the Spanish Netherlands
who were persecuted by the Catholic Duke of Alva, and in
the 16th century Laurens des Bouverie, a silk merchant, moved
to London, setting up in Threadneedle Street. Laurens founded
the family fortune on the profits of trade with the Middle
and Far East. His great-grandson, William, became Governor
of the Bank of England and was created a baronet in 1714.
Family lore has it that his son, Edward, spotted Longford
Castle while riding near Salisbury in 1717 and there and
then bought it from the Coleraines with the money he had
in his saddlebags. Originally a manor, Longford had been
rebuilt in 1591, and was the model for the Castle of Amphialeus
in Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia. It was constructed in triangular
Swedish pattern form, with a round tower at each corner.
The Bouverie family also acquired considerable property
around Folkestone, and politically they were liberal and
independent, which sometimes earned them a degree of notoriety.
baronet was created Viscount Folkestone in 1747, and his
son, William, who married a Pleydell heiress in 1747 (thus
bringing to the family the Coleshill estates in Berkshire),
was in turn created 1st Earl of Radnor. He was a particularly
judicious buyer of pictures, acquiring 75, and he commissioned
Reynolds and Gainsborough to paint portraits of members of
Jacob ("Jake") Pleydell-Bouverie was born on November 10 1927, the
elder son of the 7th Earl of Radnor, KG, Lord Warden of the Stannaries
from 1933 to 1965, and his wife Helena (neé Adeane), whose mother, Madeline
Wyndham, was one of the Three Graces in the celebrated Sargent
portrait, now in the Metropolitan Museum, New York. Jake's
paternal great-grandmother was Helen Matilda Chaplin, who
during the First World War conducted her own all-female orchestra and
was said to wear her tiara backwards so that the audience could see it
while she was on the rostrum. It was she who first catalogued the impressive
art collection at Longford Castle and had it published in two large volumes.
Following an unsuccessful operation on his back when he was
young, Jake was obliged to walk with sticks. In later years
he was confined to a wheelchair and had a motorised buggy
on which he rode about his property, frequently with a delighted
grandchild or cousin in tow. He was educated at Chafyn Grove,
Salisbury, and - during
the war - at Greenvale
on Long Island. He then went on to Harrow and up to Trinity
College, Cambridge, where he read Agriculture.
he ran the diverse family businesses, greatly increasing
his inheritance by his diligence and careful stewardship.
He created a farming operation which supplied Sainsbury's
and other retail outlets and, though based in England, his
businesses took him to Canada and Australia. When the Channel
Tunnel was constructed, the family property at Folkestone
rose considerably in value.
On the death of his father in 1968 he became an active member
of the House of Lords, contributing to debates until he and
most other hereditary peers were ejected from the House in
1999. He brought to the chamber a good, practical knowledge
of farming, forestry, fish-farming and environmental matters.
He championed South America and sea fisheries, and, as chairman
of the board of the Dyslexia Institute, spoke on special
education - dyslexia
having afflicted several members of his family.
Radnor loved Longford Castle and made it a happy home for
his family. He was a kind and generous host, witty and well-read,
and had an encyclopaedic knowledge and appreciation of his
art collection, which included works by Rubens, Van Dyck
and Frans Hals, as well as Holbein's portrait of Erasmus.
In 2001 he published A Huguenot Family - des Bouverie,
Bouverie, Pleydell-Bouverie, which told the story of his
family from 1536 to 1889.
In May 1969, the day after he took up residence at Longford,
he was at breakfast when the butler announced a broken window
pane and the theft of some six paintings. It appeared that
this was a commissioned robbery, but the thief, failing to
identify the required painting (probably Holbein's Erasmus),
had grabbed what he could.
Along with other works he took a pair of paintings by Frans
Hals, Old Woman and Old Man. A year later, following a tip-off,
the pictures were found by a woman police officer in Bournemouth.
In 1972, to settle death duties, Lord Radnor sold Velasquez's
Juan de Pareja (painted in Rome in 1650) for £2.3 million.
He married first, in 1953 (dissolved 1962), Anne Seth-Smith,
with whom he had two sons. He married secondly, in 1963 (dissolved
1985), Margaret Fleming; they had four daughters.
In 1986 he married Mary Jillean (Jill) Gwenellan Eddy, and
this was a supremely happy union. Jill had been born in Patagonia,
to an English father and an Argentine mother, and had originally
met Jake when he was working on her father's ranch in Argentina
in 1949. At the time his family had discouraged the idea
of their marrying, and Jill became the wife of Squadron Leader
Anthony Pettit, DSO, DFC and Bar. When Pettit was killed
in an air crash she was left with two small children and
was expecting a third. She lived in Peru, but met Radnor
again when she was bringing her children to school in England.
After their marriage, she played an enthusiastic part in his public life,
and supported him in seeing Longford as a welcoming home to a large and
extended family. He described her as "a
perfect chatelaine, wife and companion",
and was bereft when she died in 2004. In recent years, Jake
Radnor opened Longford to the public on only one day a year,
during which he would absent himself until the visitors had
9th Earl of Radnor, William Pleydell-Bouverie, (born 5
is an English peer
and landowner. The son of
8th Earl of Radnor and Anne Garden
Seth-Smith, daughter of Donald Farquharson Seth-Smith,
Pleydell-Bouverie was educated at Harrow and
Agricultural College, Cirencester.
Until the death of his father, he was known by the courtesy
title of Viscount
In 1996 he married Melissa Stanford, daughter of James Keith
Edward Stanford, OBE, formerly Director-General of the Leonard
Cheshire Foundation, and grand-daughter of the author J.
K. Stanford. They have four sons and two daughters, and
the heir apparent is now their eldest son, Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie,
Viscount Folkestone, born 7 April 1999.